Warehouse pallet racking can be challenging to grasp, and the terminology can be tough to decipher if you aren’t dealing with the components on a daily basis, which can lead to misunderstandings when communicating with others. This guide will assist you in learning about common terms used for commercial and warehouse pallet racking.
Common components of selective rack include the following:
Pallet Racking Beams: Load beams used to hold any load support components such as pallet supports or wire decks. Box beams have no inset step, instead, have four flat sides like a box. All load beams typically mount onto an upright frame column with integral rivets or hooks. Some systems utilize an extra clip or bolt to lock the beam to the upright. Structural beams with a connecting clip at either end. These beams are used with uprights but can be standard roll formed uprights. Beams offer heavier weight capacities than step beams or box beams.
Upright frames: Depending on load requirements, and styles. slots are punched during manufacturing up and down the column at standard intervals so that the load beams can be mounted into the upright columns. Upright frames can also be constructed utilizing structural C shapes for columns. Structural uprights have an increased weight capacity over roll formed uprights.
Diagonal braces and horizontal braces (bracings) commonly called upright frame lacing is usually welded between two upright columns to form selective upright frames. Bracing can also be bolted into the upright columns, in some cases.
Footplates and Shims, Footplates also known as footpads or baseplates, are at the base of columns and serve as anchors to give the rack more stability: anchor bolts are inserted through the baseplate’s holes to attach the column to the concrete floor. Footplates are made of thicker steel and in some geographic locations, they must be of a certain size and seismic rating. Footpads increase the pallet rack’s overall stability and weight-bearing capacity. Shims are used when the uprights are resting on uneven floors; the shims, equal in size to the base of the uprights, are installed beneath the uprights to level the rack.
Row spacers are sometimes used if uprights are arranged in back-to-back rows; the spacers are mounted between adjacent columns to make sure that the rows are kept straight and to give the pallet racks even more strength and steadiness, also used to mount the in rack sprinkler systems.
Timber decking rests inside the beams. Slated pine panels placed between the pallet racking beams support small goods or undersized pallets. Timber decking is available as close-boarded and open-boarded,